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"Technology advances on many fronts are making the exploration, development, production, processing, and distribution of oil and natural gas cheaper, more efficient, and more protective of the environment..." U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Advances in energy technologies have revolutionized the exploration for, and acquisition of, oil and natural gas throughout the United States, and increased the amount of resources that were originally thought possible.
Exploring for Oil and Natural Gas
Years ago, when engineers were first trying to identify the potential resources available to be developed off our coast, technologies such as 3D and 4D seismic imaging were not available. Since then, seismic imaging has revolutionized the exploration process for oil and natural gas, allowing the industry to have “eyes” underground.
This technology improves the industry’s ability to locate potential oil and natural gas reserves with greater accuracy. More precision in locating the resources can also optimize field development and the location of drilling sites and production facilities. These steps can further help to reduce a project’s environmental footprint.
For example, computers use seismic data to create a 3D map of what lies below the surface. This is especially helpful as engineers plan the most efficient way to produce resources from the reservoir. By using 4D seismic technology, engineers and geologists can gauge how many wells a reservoir might need and where to place them. This “virtual drilling” can help protect the environment by reducing the number of wells needed for exploration and production.
Acquiring Oil and Natural Gas
The industry has developed multiple types of drilling rigs and platforms to acquire oil and natural gas more efficiently and cost-effectively from water depths of just a few hundred feet up to 10,000 feet.
Technological advances have allowed the industry to increase safety while also reducing the environmental footprint.
State-of-the-art innovations, such as subsea technology, allow oil and natural gas companies to install fewer platforms – with less effect on the environment – than decades ago. Twenty years ago a company might have to install 10 platforms to access multiple deepwater oil and natural gas fields. Now companies can use a single temporary rig and connect production from multiple fields into a single processing hub - all located underwater.